The Potomac Highlands Watershed School 

Stream Cleaner Environmental Forum 2007

Points of View & Thoughtful Questions - Other

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Other

Water Treatment Plant Operators

The Purifiers Hampshire H.S. / Moore

March 12, 2007

7:45 AM

My name Julie and my partners name is Ricky, we are Water Treatment Plant operators for the Chesapeake Bay area. We filter water from the Chesapeake Bay to our systems. First we add chemicals to the water, with is called coagulationcats10, this makes the dirt in the water  form into a big clump called a flock. That is called flocculation. Then we use sedimentation to pull those flocks out of the water. Ricky specializes in chlorination, which is adding chemicals to kill bugs and pesticides in the water which could be harmful to the human body.  If the water we get from the bay is full of bad watershed it creates more work for Ricky and I to clean the water for the city. The sediment build-up causes the screens to malfunction slowing down the water treatment process. This not only affects our jobs it affects  the lives and health of the citizens we serve water to.  If the government would give a little more money to the water treatment and sanitation departments, we would be more productive and create better water for the citizen of the bay area.

 

 

 

Ask this stakeholder a Thoughtful Question or Respond


Thoughtful Questions

 

   From:    Chesapeake Industrial Corporation Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School /

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                              6:24:00 AM

          How would the water treatment plants be more produtive and create better water for the

          bay area if the government provided more money? How would sediment build up affect

          the lives and health of citizens?

 

  From:    Fishing is Good Clean Fun!!!! North Harford H.S. / OLeary

                                                                                                                              3/22/2007

                                                                                                                             11:41:00 AM

         Its great that you described what the WTP does, but maybe you should have focused

         more on what they can do for the bay. 

  From:    Team Awesome Broadway H.S. / Rissler

                                                                                                                              3/22/2007

                                                                                                                             12:10:00 PM

         How would receiving more money help stop the pollution of the bay?  How would you

         convince the citizens to raise taxes on themselves, in the past many US citizens have

         not supported the idea of raising taxes?

 

 

Other

 

Conkreat Jungul Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

Municipalities                                                                                                              3/14/2007

                                                                                                                                   7:31:00 AM

Conkreat Jungul

 

We the people of the MRGS municipalities stakeholder group (aka, team Conkreat Jungul), in

order to form a more perfect Chesapeake, do hereby present our plan to the effect thereof.

While cities do not contribute large amounts of smelly cow poo to the Bay by heinously over-

fertilizing our fields, we recognize that, as members of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, it is

our solemn duty to contribute to the restoration of this valuable, communal natural resource.

 

Reasons for Interest: Tourism, food, job opportunities, aesthetics, health, moral, ego

 

  How We Pollute: Runoff, sewage, smog

 

How We Can Fix: Hire environmental manager to supervise projects, use propaganda to get the

community interested. Mandate environmental education in schools. Porous Asphalt. 

 

  Our reasons for being concerned about the Bay are very simple. Being located near the

Chesapeake, our tourism industry is affected by the health and appearance of the Bay—no one

wants to visit a smelly, algae infesting pool of dead fish. Also, if the health of the Bay and its

watersheds suffers, then the price of oysters, crabs, fish, and all manner of tasty treats will

skyrocket, seriously hurting many of our seafood vendors and restaurants; decreasing numbers

of edible sea critters will also put many of our community’s fishermen out of business, further

harming our economy. Furthermore, healthy, clean waterways make for a beautiful community

that will improve the moral of the populace, and happy voters tend to reelect the civil servants

who make their water-front city clean and lovely. Finally, by stepping up and taking the lead in

cleaning up the Bay we will serve as shining example to all other municipalities—and maybe get

some federal money to help with the project as well.

  The main ways in which cities like ours pollute the Bay are through oil and chemical runoff

from paved areas, sewage from shoddy treatment plants, and photochemical smog from exhaust.

 Also, the concrete used in construction contributes 5-8% of the carbon dioxide that humans

pump into the atmosphere, though this can be reduced by using recycled concrete—which has

already had the carbon dioxide squeezed out of the limestone—for construction projects.. Our

objectives, then, are simply to clean up our watershed by addressing each of these main

pollution areas.

  One of the first steps toward accomplishing this goal is to hire an environmental manager and

pollution prevention team to conduct research and coordinate cleanup efforts. These

specialists—engineers, sewer system operators, environmentalists, and more—will provide

several perspectives on how to solve our pollution problems. They will also be in charge of predicting and reacting to various environmental hazards, such as chemical spills. Once we

have our crack team of pollution controllers on board, the next step will be to initiate an ad

campaign to raise interest for Bay health among the people of the city. We need to let them

know how important the Chesapeake is to our city and how they can all contribute to the

cleanup effort. Everyone is important! Also in the sphere of public relations will be education.

By mandating environmental science classes in city public schools, we can speak directly to the

young men and women of the city and so doing groom a new generation of environmentalists to

help our city. Also, we can set up “Save the Bay” summer camps for young kiddies to get them

pumped about our watershed. The small fees for the camps will help fund the city’s cleanup

projects.

  Because runoff from impermeable paved surfaces contributes approximately 16% of the

phosphorous, 11% of the nitrogen, and 9% of the sediment load that reaches the Chesapeake,

making our roads and parking lots eco-friendly is a serious concern in our city. Altogether,

urban runoff contributes to the impairment of 1,570 miles of watershed (“Urban Runoff”).

However, there is a solution! For all new paving projects in our city, we will use porous asphalt.

This material, already used with great success in parts of Italy, allows runoff to be slowly

absorbed through the pavement and filtered through the ground, rather than be washed straight

into the watershed. This will also decrease the chances of hydroplaning on our roads because

less water will stand on the road.

  Photochemical smog is another major source of city pollution that harms the Bay. At first

glance, air pollution does not seem related to the health of the Chesapeake, since, by its very

definition, it is pollution in the air, not the water. However, when cars put exhaust into the

atmosphere, the NOX (nitrogen oxide and dioxide gases) in the fumes is split by sunlight and

forms ozone, aldehydes, and PAN which can cause respiratory problems, headaches, fatigue

and other human health problems. More importantly, from a Bay perspective, the NOx in the

atmosphere can be put back into the watershed through precipitation. To combat this air

pollution, we will enact the Kyoto Treaty in our own city. Though we obviously cannot actually

sign the treaty, there is no reason that we cannot hold our municipality to the Treaty’s pollution

standards. We can invest in energy efficient public transport to reduce exhaust output.

  By upgrading our sewage treatment plant with Biological Nutrient Removal, we can decrease

the pollutants expelled from the plant by 90%. Enhanced Nutrient Removal Plans, such as the

one implemented by the Maryland Department of the Environment, can further reduce the

nitrogen and phosphorous output of water treatment plants. This type of upgrade can bring the

nitrogen and phosphorous levels down to 3mg/l and .3mg/l respectively while still reducing

other pollutants by 90% (“The Evolution to…”).

  If all goes as planned, these cleaning projects will not cost our city a great amount of money.

By purchasing environmentally friendly equipment—things that will put out less smog and other nasty pollutants—we can receive massive tax breaks. Energy efficient machinery, for

example, qualifies us for a 100% tax allowance in the first year that we buy it. Cha-ching!

Also, we will attempt to use as much volunteer work for environmental-initiatives as possible.

We will offer community service hours to high school or college students who work at the

summer camps or help with low-skill projects such as planting pollution-absorbing green areas

in the city. We will also petition environmental groups for funding for major projects such as

asphalt and water treatment plants. The Bay Restoration Fund, which is helping finance the

sewage plant upgrades in Maryland, is one such group that could help us.

  Of course, these solutions will also benefit us directly. After all, we’re not totally altruistic

like the guys in the environmentalist group. As mentioned before, the new pavement will make

our roadways safer. Overall, the cleanup will make our water and air cleaner and healthier and

will create new jobs for the people of the city. It will unite our citizens in an effort to protect

our environment.

  In order to make this project happen, though, we will need money. Porous asphalt doesn’t grow

on trees, and even if it did, we would still need money to plant those trees. Also, we believe that,

 once the people see the improvements that our project is making in the city, they will become

more enthusiastic about the cleanup. Of course, to make those improvements we will need time,

and again, money.

  It will not be too difficult to structure the program so that our city will prosper. Most of the

early projects—such as the summer camps and greenery—will be staffed with volunteers, so

that we will spend little money. As, hopefully, money from the camps and from contributions

comes in, we will be able to hire a permanent enviro-workforce for landscaping and

infrastructure, such as the asphalt. As a result, the city will gain many new jobs and the

economy will prosper.

  In order to measure the effectiveness of our pollution control programs, we will conduct

weekly water tests downstream of the city. By measuring levels of pollutants and keeping

records of conditions and the results of these tests, we will over time be able to determine

whether or not our projects are decreasing the overall levels of water pollution coming from

our city.

  Within the first three years of our program, we hope to have the environmental education

classes implemented in city public schools. We will also have the summer programs set up to

turn our eager young children into good little environmentalists. Since the application of the

porous asphalt will occur on an as-needed basis, there is not definite timeline for this project.

If enough money becomes available, we would also like to replace some existing areas of non-

permeable asphalt with porous. Within 10 years, we would like to have our wastewater

treatment plants upgraded with Nutrient Removal Technology to reduce Nitrogen and

Phosphorous output.

 

Works Cited

Adams, Michele C. "Stormwater." The Journal for Surface Water Quality Professionals. June

2003. 28 Feb. 2007 . 

 

"Bay Trends an Indicators." Chesapeake Bay Program. 28 Aug. 2006. 28 Feb. 2007 . 

 

"Municipality." Wikipedia. 26 Feb. 2007. 28 Feb. 2007 . 

 

"Polluted Runoff (Nonpoint Source Pollution)." Environmental Protection Agency. 29 Nov.

2006. 28 Feb. 2007 . 

 

 

Ask this stakeholder a Thoughtful Question or Respond


Thoughtful Questions

 

   From:    Chesapeake Industrial Corporation Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School /

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                              6:52:00 AM

          You said that you planned to hire an environmental manager to provide perspective on

          how to solve pollution problems.  Wouldn't you just need to consult the environmentalists

          instead of having to pay them year round and use money from the taxpayers to pay

          them? It seems like consulting the environmental manager a few times a year would save

          the taxpayers' money while still getting that information.

         Conkreat Jungul Response

                                                                                                                                  3/21/2007

                                                                                                                                 6:50:00 AM

                To CIC:

                Good question, but we at Conkreat Jungul Inc. believe that it would be better to hire a

                professional that is/can be 100% focused and entangled with our problems and how to fix

                them, rather than consult an outsider's opinion. Don’t you agree? As for the pay for these

                people helping our  bay you can read about our newly acquired Bay Bonds in our response

                 to the FBI's comment or you can check out the website www.cbf.org (at the bottom, under

                Virginia). Thanks!

 

 

   From:    Fishing and Boating Industries (F.B.I.) Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School /

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                              7:40:00 AM

          How are you going to obtain the money to pay for testing the water and the

          environmental manager and pollution prevention team?  If it is mandatory (i.e. taxes)

          how are you going to gain support for this?

         Conkreat Jungul Response/

                                                                                                                                  3/21/2007

                                                                                                                                 6:31:00 AM

                In response to the FBI question:

                Water testing on the bay is a regular practice and testing water is not expensive.  We could

                 use inexpensive, yet accurate testing kits or simply obtain results from other major

                organizations that test the bay for other purposes. Seeing as this type of information is not

                (usually) secluded or kept from other companies, etc that have an interest to better the bay

                it would not be hard to test the water quality and condition. Also, in regards to our

                pollution prevention team/ environmental manager, the wonderfully smart and

                environmentally friendly state of Virginia has recently approved (as of February 24) the BAY

                 BOND.  What is a Bay Bond? Well basically a bay bond is a budget plan that invests

                money (250 million dollars) every year for a period of time to organizations that wish to

                better the bay. This will definitely be more than enough to support our vision of cleaning up

                 the bay and to pay the people that help make our vision a reality.

                For more information on bay bonds www.cbf.org (at the bottom, under Virginia) is the site for

                 you.

 

 

 

Other

 

T.A.L.K About the Bay Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

Environmentalist                                                                                                          3/14/2007

                                                                                                                                  8:20:00 AM

We the people in order form a more perfect Chesapeake, establish an environmentalist

stakeholder group, ensure stream clean-up, provide for the wildlife, promote the health of the

bay, and secure the blessings of future success and growth for the almighty Chesapeake Bay,

do ordain and establish this point of view paper so that we may assist in the process of saving

the bay!

 

The current outlook of the Chesapeake Bay is bleak and although improvements continue,

further steps need to be taken to improve the health of the bay, whose overall grade currently

stands at a “D.”  Phosphorous and nitrogen levels decreased over the past year, due in part to

the dry spring. The Bay also benefits from the restoration programs, including the installation

of riparian buffers and field borders are increasingly more apparent.  Other areas, including

dissolved oxygen levels and oyster populations continue to improve; however, further efforts

need to be made in all areas, especially water clarity, blue crabs, rockfish, toxins, and

wetlands.

 

Our goals will be accomplished by having five, ten, and twenty year plans. The following table

displays our goals.

 

Goals:

 

5 Year             

•Host forums to talk about the condition of the bay and ways to improve it

•Talk to government officials to implement plans such as planting trees, receiving donations,

bonds, and funds, campaigning, planning camps for children, and repairing and protecting

riparian buffers.

 

10 Year

•Mandatory environmental classes for schools

•Camps extended other organizations

•Regularly scheduled field programs to clean waters sources that fed into the bay.

•Implement on-the-ground practices that would reduce dissolved oxygen to make the Bay’s

water quality less dependent on the weather.   

 

20 Year

•Grow trees along the Bay to filter run off pollution.

•Camps active year round in attempt to keep the Bay clean.

•To have pollution down 30%.

 

An improved Chesapeake Bay will benefit everybody, not only the environmentalists. Finer

parks and recreational facilities will provide outside activities for families, and cleaner water

 will provide better sea food and a better environment for the surrounding areas. Businesses,

home owners, and other industries will all benefit and save money from using environmentally

safe technologies.

 

The majority of environmentalists do what they do because they want to help, but there are a

few that need an extra incentive. The average person can do things around their house that will

 make a positive impact on the environment around them. Some stores and recycling centers

will pay for cans and bottles that have been recycled; if people don’t take advantage of this

then they are throwing money in the trash. Energy efficient light bulbs cost a little more then

the average bulb, but they last up to 12 months and replacing just one bulb will decrease the

money spent on electricity up to $194 in the lifetime of a light bulb. People that are active in

contributing to the health of the bay can get many tax breaks and incentives from the

government; money is a great way to get people to work for a cause.

 

Some ways that our solutions could be structured so we prosper as a result are to bring the

Farmer’s Union Carbon Credit Program to farmer’s attention. It will allow farmers to earn an

income by storing carbon by no-till farming. Also, requiring all schools to make Environmental

science a mandatory class to graduate would educate the general public about the causes of the

 pollution in the Bay because of their newly found knowledge about the bay’s problems, citizens

 of the Chesapeake Bay region would be more willing to buy Bay Bonds and give donations. This

education would also raise awareness of what every stakeholder group, from home owners and

developers to fisherman, can do to decrease the amount of pollution each of these stakeholders

 creates. Environmentalist summer camps would be created to educate the future generations

and allow environmentally aware youths to work at helping to learn more about all the aspects

of the pollution in the bay and think of ways to clean the bay. Field programs would promote

going out to clean areas of the watershed that lead to the Chesapeake Bay.

 

If our cause was destroyed and environmentalist groups disappeared there would be chaos.

Many farmers and fishermen would lose their jobs. Farmers, because the of soil degradation

from all the chemicals used to grow crops, make the soil less fertile. Fishermen would lose their

jobs because the chemicals used by farmers would kill many of the fish, crabs, oysters, etc. in

the Bay. Health problems would soar as well. Allergies are worse in areas of more pollution. The

 plants, crops, and animals in the Chesapeake Bay watershed area would also become unhealthy to eat.         

 

If all of our plans are implemented, the result would be the Bay itself. We will test the waters

in the bay to see if we have reduced the amount of pollutants. We hope to have the grade of the

 bay increased. If we have each of our plans finished in the years indicated and have improved

 the quality of the bay, then we know that our goals are accomplished but our work is not

finished.

 

The most important success indicator will be the state of the Bay in the future.  We have to

make sure that our plans are implemented by further generations or all of our work that we

have achieved will be worth nothing. As Environmentalists, we hope to save the bay by making

sure that it is cleaner and healthier for this generation and the next.

 

We the people in order to form a more perfect Chesapeake, have taken the task of saving the

Bay into our own hands. We will develop practices to keep the Bay clean and save the wildlife.

Our goals can only be achieved if today’s generation takes action as well as future

generations.

 

Work Cited

 

“Carbon Credit Program”. National Farmers Union. 5 Mar 2007. Online. 5 Mar 2007.

 

Chesapeake Bay Foundation. “State of the Bay.” Online. 2 November 2006. 14 March 2007. .

 

Chesapeake Bay Foundation. 2006. Online. 5 Mar 2007.

 

 

Ask this stakeholder a Thoughtful Question or Respond


Thoughtful Questions

 

   From:    Blankenship Development Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                              7:33:00 AM

          Overall, your ideas are supportable and realistic, however, there were a few concerns. 

          First, in your 10-year plan, you mention on-the-ground practices.  What are some of

          these practices and how are they implemented?  Second, your source of funding does

          not seem reliable.  Although the government may provide limited funding, the rest of the

          funds cannot be supported by Bay Bonds and donations.  Do you have any alternative

          ways of raising money to support your 5-, 10-, and 20-year plans?  Finally, numerous

          plans of yours will require the cooperation of other stakeholders.  How will you convince

           these stakeholders to implement your plans?

 

   From:    Farmers and Landowners Cooperative Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School /

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                              7:56:00 AM

          How have phosphorous and nitrogen levels decreased due to a dry spring? Also, I like the

           bit about the light bulbs.

 

   From:    Chesapeake Homeowners Association Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School /

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                              8:02:00 AM

          Under your 5, 10, and 15 years goals you state that you will host forums and start up

          camps to better educate the public about the state of the Bay. What would you do if

          there is no public interest in saving the bay and nobody attends your forums or camps,

          are there any other ways to interest those who care nothing about the Bay? Another

          thing we would like to comment on would be using energy efficient bulbs, which, as you

          mentioned, are more expensive. These bulbs also do not always fit the sockets in many

          houses rendering this idea essentially useless to some homeowners, but very fruitful for

          others. Also, some people may not be able to afford the original purchase of these bulbs

          for their whole house in order to reap the benefits down the road. As far as mandatory

          environmental classes goes, what if schools don’t have the personnel to provide these

          classes to the students? Are you going to look in to educating other teachers for the

          purpose of teaching environmental classes? All things considered, there were some great

           ideas presented in this paper, good job!  

 

         T.A.L.K About the Bay Response to everybody

                                                                                                                                  3/21/2007

                                                                                                                                 6:43:00 AM

                We would like to begin by thanking the other stakeholder groups for their questions and

                comments.  Addressing the question regarding on-the-ground practices, we have plans to

                implement such practices as river sweeps, BMP’s, including buffer strips, fertilizer reduction,

                 and tree and shrubbery planting.  As far as funding goes, we feel it outrageous to make

                claims of unreliable funding sources.  We are environmentalists and one of the only

                stakeholder groups that is not an official “organization” and therefore we do not have our

                own source of funding and are forced to rely on other groups to provide necessary funds. 

                Also, we would like to remind other organizations that this is not our full time occupation,

                unlike the developers, industries, farmers, and watermen in particular.  Since, we have no

                official authority; all we can do is empower the public with necessary knowledge about the

                crisis facing the bay and those individuals take the initiative and help SAVE THE BAY. 

                Also, we will lobby in congress and state legislatures to put the most vital plans on the

                forefront of the environmental agenda.  In addition, we will look towards other groups,

                including the EPA and the Chesapeake Bay Foundation to help get the word out to the

                public.  As far as the reduction of nitrogen and phosphorous levels in the bay, these levels

                have decreased due to the lack of rain during the past year.  In addressing the Chesapeake

                 Homeowners Association, we would like to point out that our plan encompasses 20 year

                goals, not 15 year goals as they stated in their response.  In regards to the claim that

                people have no interest in efforts to help the bay, we respond that we can only put forth

                information and hope others will follow suit and make attempts to do their part to help and

                if they do not care to help, then we don’t want their help.  A further analysis leads us to the

                 “light bulb question,” which is nothing short of interesting, to say the least.  We hate to

                break it to the homeowners, but we have never heard facts that state energy efficient light

                bulbs do not fit properly in some household fixtures.  Also, we never stated individuals

                would be forced to change their entire supply of light bulbs all at once and the choice to

                change even a single bulb would fall solely on the lap of individual homeowners.  As far

                as educating teacher on the subject of environmental science, this would be done by the

                implementation of programs by the schools, including inservices, and various forums.  Also,

                environmental classes could be taught by teachers with earth science and various other

                science backgrounds, with a small amount of learning along the way.  Once again we

                would like to thank these groups for their heartfelt comments and say we hope one day

                everyone will take the initiative do their part to save the bay and make its watershed an

            even better place to live.           

 

 

Other

 

Chesapeake Industrial Corporation Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

Industry                                                                                                                      3/14/2007

                                                                                                                                  8:26:00 AM

Industry Point of View Paper

 

The Chesapeake Bay’s health has been deteriorating due to the pollution. One major source of

pollution is nutrient and chemical contaminant flow into the bay. Currently, nutrients act as

pollutants to spur the growth of algae which in turn, negatively impact fish stocks. As a result

of pollution, temperatures increase causing algae blooms to form. The algae blooms reduce light

 penetration killing the submerged aquatic plants that protect many small fish that form the

basis of the Bay's food chain. Once the algal blooms die and decay, the oxygen levels will drop

significantly. This problem occurring in the Bay must be prevented, and the industries have the

means to justify these issues located in and around the Chesapeake Bay Watershed.

 

One major solution to nutrient flow is to monitor the Bay's five largest tributaries; they include

 the Potomac, Rappahannock, Susquehanna, York, and James. Continuous monitoring provides a

method to identify changes in concentrations and amounts of nutrients that have occurred over

 the years in response to pollution-reduction programs. If reduction measures work, then

nutrient pollution should decrease.

Perhaps the most important step to take is to educate various industries on the situation. If

individual companies don’t know the conditions of the Chesapeake Bay, then there will not be

any improvements. The industries need to lower the pollution, therefore they need the

community to vote and support the bills that will force industries to improve their practices.

Within the first year of implementing our plans, the community needs to be well involved in the

program.  We want to start pushing revised environmentally friendly bills through legislation. 

One of the main objectives for industries is to lower the amount of CO2 emissions released

into the air.  Chemicals such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides lead to acid rain, polluting

the streams and rivers in the Bay’s watershed.  The acid rain has detrimental effects to the

species that cannot tolerate the pollution; such as insects and aquatic life forms.  This issue

leads to a lower amount of energy transferred throughout the food chain.  The Chesapeake

Bay’s health depends on having enough energy transferred from the streams and rivers to the

Bay’s food chain. If we can cut the emission of greenhouse gases from combustion sources and

 fleet vehicles transporting goods, it will reduce the amount of CO2 emissions.

 

Industries contribute 60 percent of phosphates into the Bay. These phosphates are coming

from sludge dumped into or near local rivers. Ways to help reduce these phosphates would be in

 creating riparian borders around industries located on or near tributaries. One way to do this

is using wetlands or man-made wetlands because wetlands are natural filters of pollutants.

Industries can utilize local wetlands to help clean the sludge water before it enters the

tributaries that flow into the Bay. If industries use natural wetlands, the wetlands must be managed properly to ensure that they maintain their original size and health. If the wetland

was to be destroyed by our industries, we are responsible for creating a wetland of the same

size and habitat. For industries not located near a naturally occurring wetland, there is another

cheap solution. A wastewater garden can be implemented on the site or near the establish

industry. Wastewater garden take polluted water and pump it into sedimentation tanks where

solids settle out. The remaining liquid is pumped into oxidation ponds where bacteria break

down the waste in the water. After about a month, the water is released into artificial marshes

that include plants found in marshes. The concrete tanks are covered with a thin layer of

decomposing bacteria. This process removes 99.9 percent of coliform bacteria and 80 percent

 of nitrates and phosphates from the sewage water.

 

Point sources, such as industries and wastewater treatment plants discharge waste water

directly into local waterways. They are not always the biggest source of chemical

contaminants, but pose a major threat to the Chesapeake Bay’s health. New water treatment

plants should be constructed upstream to ensure that the industries will run at top efficiency

because drinking water is taken from down stream sources. Legislation to reduce the

generation of toxics such as mercury needs strong support. Coal-fired power plants such as

Brayton Point Station in Somerset must be brought into compliance with state and federal

regulations.  Industries need to have restrictions on their emissions of chemicals into the

rivers. They can reduce the amount of water used by 15% by the end of 2010 to decrease the

cost of water, and the amount of waste water produced. Also, industries should treat the waters

 leaving its facilities, ensuring that outflow is cleaner than required by regulations. For future

needs government agencies need to record more data on the fate of toxic substances from

industries located near the Chesapeake Bay. Contaminated sediments that are currently buried

could pose a threat if disturbed through dredging, hurricanes, or other disturbances.

 

To reach the goal of lowering emissions is to strengthen the restrictions in the Clean Air Act. 

Currently, industries can legally produce an average of 80,000 tons of C02 emissions for five

years without being fined for the high amounts. Under the Clean Air Act, industries are allowed

 a certain amount of credits.  Companies can trade their total point and non point source

credits with other companies.  Industries that are below the requirements can sell their unused

credits to other companies that need the credits in order to continue functioning. This practice

 is beneficial for the companies that are environmentally friendly, but does not force high

polluting industries to comply with the Clean Air Act. We, as industries, realize that we need to

change the legislation in the Clean Air Act by raising community awareness and follow stricter

guidelines.

  The industries plan is to receive the money needed for the objectives from taxpayers, and

from government subsidies. Trading Grant Awards will also provide money. Certain Trading

Grant Awards consist of the Strawman Project Implementation providing $225,000, Local

Trading Project Institutes providing $350,000, and the Legacy Sediment Research providing

$130,000.  The option of these grants should make industries more cooperative to switch to

environmentally friendly methods. We also must take responsibility to educate the public,

because so much of the community works in the industry. Industries need to take the initiative

to realize the potential gain from changing their habits and become a role model for others to

follow. Generally, the environmentally friendly practices are more expensive, but once the

switch is made, the cost differential will be made up. Another plan for the industries to

increase community awareness is to launch a public service campaign.

 

Although industries will not initially notice the benefits from being a green company, profits

will come in the long run.  If companies receive money for making the initial switch to

environmentally friendly methods, then that incentive should help the industries prosper. 

   

Each year, companies will continue monitoring emissions released into the atmosphere.  Every

company needs to show a substantial lower amount of emissions.  If this happens, we will know

that our implementation plan is working well. If not, more time should be spent reconstructing

the outline so the outcome fits budget and environmental laws.

We believe that our plan can be fully implemented over the first five years of its existence.

 

Industries will take the money provided and begin using environmentally safe practices in

order to protect the Bay. The amount of emissions will be lowered, and we hope to increase the

number of species lost due to the overly warm water. Hopefully, better practices in the industry

 will combine with other beneficial practices being done by other stakeholder groups will

improve the quality of the Chesapeake Bay watershed.  

  

Work Cited

 

“Energy Policy”. Merck. 2 March 2007. .

Miller, G. Tyler. Living in the Environment. California: Thompson Learning, 2005.

 

“The Chesapeake Bay Ecosystem”. Chesapeake Bay Foundation.2 March 2007.

 “Too Much Nitrogen Is Bad for Bay”. Bay Resources. 2 March 2007. .  

 

 

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Thoughtful Questions

 

   From:    Conkreat Jungul Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                              7:52:00 AM

          Okey Dokey, correct me if I'm wrong, but aren't you representing industry? You ARE

          industry, right? If that's the case, then why are you wanting the community to pass

          legislation that will FORCE you to reduce you pollution? Why don't you just DO it? It

          just seems like an unnecessary step that will slow down the process.

 

  From:    Blankenship Development Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                              3/31/2007

                                                                                                                              7:21:00 AM

         You sound to me as if you are trying to fix all the problems that industry creates. In my

         opinion, you will end up so stretched out that none of the problems will be resolved

         satisfactorily. Why not just focus on one or two of the major industry caused problems

         and do a good job on fixing them?

 

 

Other

 

Enigmatic Enviromentalists Broadway H.S. / Rissler

Individuals restoring the Bay little by little.

3/17/2007

11:05:00 AM

REVISED 3/21/07

 

There is a sufficiency in the world for man's need but not for man's greed. ~Mohandas K. Gandhi

We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect. ~Aldo Leopold, A Sand County Almanac

 

 I am appalled at the way Americans have destroyed this beautiful land surrounding the

Chesapeake Bay and corrupted the Bay itself. I own nearly 200 acres both on the Bay and on

the Shenandoah River. I have used my amassed banking fortune to become a benefactor for

the Virginia Institute for Marine Science(VIMS) and have helped them establish wildlife

reserves on the Bay. As a homeowner in the Bay Watershed, I feel we, as a community, have a

duty to help restore the Bay so that generations of marine and wild life may enjoy and make use

 of the Bay along with mankind. As stated above, there is no reason we cannot utilize the Bay to

 advance our civilization but that should not come at the cost of reducing animal populations

and destroying their habitats. For far too long the Global Community has ignored the cries of

Mother Nature and her children. The Earth simply cannot sustain us in the way we are currently

 devouring her resources. I advocate for the development of multiple Nature reserves to be

established throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay Watershed.  These Nature reserves will also

benefit scientists researching the area ecosystems and will provide the opportunity for

civilians to enjoy the outdoors. Area groups such as Boy/Girls Scouts, Big Brother/Big Sister

and Organizations designed to assist the mentally retarded could benefit not only from the

“park” but they could also help keep the park clean. Often times, those clubs will gladly collect

the recycling from those facilities in exchange for the money collected from dropping the

materials at recycling facilities.  I also propose Local governments implement a program

similar to that of the Adopt-a-Highway program which be appropriately named  “Adopt-a

Stream.” This program would pair up individuals and groups with government workers to be

correctly informed as to how to care for the streams feeding into the bay. This would also allow

 for those serving court-appointed community service a chance to learn in a new environment

which can often provide that individual with a life changing experiences that will “transform”

them into active and successful individuals. In addition to these changes, I’m also requesting

that farmers be forced (via state legislation) to make a Riparian buffer zone (i.e.: grass or

forest) with enough distance to help the riverbanks stay properly formed and help prevent

erosion.  Working in cooperation with VIMS, Friends of Shenandoah River, the Chesapeake

Bay Program and a host of small activist groups, I've established a series of conventions in 5

states that will inform communities of the damage being done to the Bay and ways that they can

 contribute to the restoration effort.   



We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if mankind is to survive. ~Albert Einstein
 

 

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Thoughtful Questions

   From:    Chesapeake Industrial Corporation Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School /

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                               6:13:00 AM

          How can the community restore the bay? It seems like you stated that the community

          needs to restore the bay, but did not provide any methods as to how to achieve that goal.

 

   From:    Conkreat Jungul Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                               6:14:00 AM

          While I agree with and appreciate the sentiments expressed in your paper--and I'm

          impressed by the excellent choice of quotations--you do not seem to offer any solid

          solutions to the problem. You state that we need to clean up the Bay, but you don't tell

          how.

 

   From:    Conkreat Jungul Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                              6:28:00 AM

          I like your emphases on saving the Bay, but how are you going to save the Bay.  You say

          that you are a supporter for reserves, but you never say what kind of reserves you would

           implement.  For me I find you have good ideas but you never explain all the way.  Could

          you try to add on?

 

   From:    Fishing and Boating Industries (F.B.I.) Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School /

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                              6:33:00 AM

          Yes, American's are polluting the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Ecosystem.  That is known

          by many, but what can be done about it?  I am intrigued by "multiple reserves."  I take

          "multiple reserves" to be money from the government.  How will you receive this money

          in today's tax system, which is already high?

 

   From:    Fishing and Boating Industries (F.B.I.) Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School /

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                              7:20:00 AM

          Nice Quotes!  What I want to know is what community efforts can people implement

          everyday?  The idea of a wildlife reserve is good but not everybody will appreciate it

          and contribute to it.  What are ways that the average person or community can

          contribute to the cause in a way they may consider as more practical?

 

   From:    Conkreat Jungul Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                               3/19/2007

                                                                                                                               8:01:00 AM

          while you seem enthuiastic in your respose and about helping the bay, i do not see any

          ideas to backup what you wish to do. It is important to have a dream, but to carry that

          dream out you need a plan to follow through with. it would have been nice to see you

          elaborate on these hopeful thoughts.

 

   From:  Fishing and Boating Industries (F.B.I.) Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School /

                                                                                                                                  3/21/2007

                                                                                                                                 6:57:00 AM

         I agree that we need to save the bay ecosystem, but you said that we need to make wildlife

         reserves. Do you have a plan for funding these reserves, and are you volunteering your

        200 acres?

 

  From:    Blankenship Development Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                              3/27/2007

                                                                                                                             7:34:00 AM

         Good choice of quotes. You have some well thought-out ideas about the community

         aspects of the Bay; cleaning it up is not a one-person job. However, how do you plan to

         have the multiple government programs implemented in the community? What

         information can you give to our state (local?) government in order to get them to

         consider passing strict, enforcing laws? Who would pay for the riparian buffers if they

          became mandatory, the farmers or the government enforcing the laws? And also, where

         will the land come from for the Nature reserves? Are individual farmers and landowners

          going to be forced to give up their land?

 

 

 

Other

 

Tree Huggers Jefferson H.S. / Gipson

environmentalists                                                                                                         3/19/2007

                                                                                                                                 12:20:00 PM

To pollute the Bay is to pollute our way of life!

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   From:    Enigmatic Enviromentalists Broadway H.S. / Rissler

                                                                                                                               3/20/2007

                                                                                                                              12:13:00 PM

          I am in agreement with what you are saying, but i suppose you should probably suggest

          ways to fix the problem.  Do you have any suggestions that will be valuable to cleaning

          up and saving the Bay?  It seems like what you've said could be a great first line to a

          POV paper, but i think you just need to expand on your idea.  Tell how it pollutes our way

          of life and tell how we can fix all of the pollution in the Bay.

  From:    Conkreat Jungul Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                              3/21/2007

                                                                                                                              6:11:00 AM

         Nice opening sentence, but where's the rest of your paper? I mean, most of us on this

         forum agree that polluting the Bay is very, very bad, so that's not an issue. The issue is

         how we are going to go about solving the pollution problem. What are your suggestions

         on how to clean up the watershed? As an environmentalist group, you should have an

         easier time with this than any other stakeholder, since your one and only concern is

         cleaning the Bay--no other priorities. Go crazy, the sky's the limit! There's nothing

         wrong with being a tree hugger, just make sure you know HOW you're going to protect

         the environment.

        

         Cheers, mate!

    From :  Enigmatic Enviromentalists Broadway H.S. / Rissler

                                                                                                                               3/21/2007

                                                                                                                              8:20:00 AM

       You were supposed to list a POV (point of view)paper which means you should actually

       take a stance(position) on how you either need to improve the current conditions of the Bay

       or why you should be allowed to continue "polluting" the bay because it is necessary for

       you to continue to benefit some other aspect of society. Believe it or not this forum isn't just

       some stupid assignment your teacher decided to do because he/she didn't feel like making

       lesson plans. This is something you have the privilege to partake in (be a part of) and this

       is not some hypothetical (imagined) situation. It's real. We really are losing the Bay and fast.

       I know you are only 9th graders and you really don't care about much besides your friends

       and the media(movies and TV) but you are not far from becoming adults who have the

       enormous responsibility of changing the world we currently live in to a more of Global

       Community who is environmentally conscious (alert.)   So, grow up a little and actually put

       forth your best ideas because who knows, Maybe it will be something that no one at

       Cacapon Institute has thought of yet and you just may save the Bay.  Best Wishes!

               

       Here are some links to writing a great POV!!

       http://cacaponinstitute.com/PHWS%20Signup/teacher%20suggestions.htm#Tips_on_POVs_&_TQs_

 

   From: Fishing and Boating Industries (F.B.I.) Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School /

                                                                                                                                  3/21/2007

                                                                                                                                 7:03:00 AM

        I agree with your statement, but can you please expand on what your plans are to fix the

        pollution of the bay?

 

  From:    Team Awesome Broadway H.S. / Rissler

                                                                                                                              3/22/2007

                                                                                                                            12:38:00 PM

         I think we can all agree on your statement, but my question is: Where is your POV

         paper?  The point of the POV paper is to pick your side on the matter and defend your

         answer with reason.  You entered a very broad statement that shows your side of the

         problem but adds no details as to how you plan on fixing the problems that are affecting

         the Bay area.  I think that you should read the responses that the stakeholders have

         posted and then develop a point of view paper that would include your reasoning for

         your point and add details as to what you all are going to do to help solve the problem.

 

 

Other

Team Happy Fish! North Harford H.S. / OLeary

We are the fishies and the crabs!                                                                          3/20/2007

                                                                                                                           10:31:00 AM

We are speaking on behalf of the fish and animals of the Chesapeake Bay.  We believe that the

 clean-up and protection of the Bay is crucial and should be the primary concern of all

stakeholders.  The Bay needs to be protected and restored to the peak of its health before

giving consideration to outside problems and issues. 

 

As the spokespeople of the critters, cleaning up the Bay is imperative for our survival.  When

our water is full of sediment and pollution, we cannot breathe!  The excess nutrients cause

eutrophication.  All that algae blocks the sunlight and uses the dissolved oxygen when it

decomposes.  When humans destroy the Bay ecosystem, our entire existence is in jeopardy. 

Many occupations revolve around our health; without fish and crabs, fisherman, restaurant

owners, and consumers in general will suffer.  When our populations deplete, seafood prices

will skyrocket, not to mention our poor fishy families will lose many loved ones!

  

Our solutions include planting riparian buffers to shade and cool the waters. These buffers

will also help control erosion and sediment pollution. We need stricter fishing and crabbing

laws. Too many of our brothers and sisters are being killed! We are being over fished. If this

continues our species will be wiped out.  We would also like to see the protection and formation

 of wetlands to help filter out excess nutrients before they make it into the bay.  Wetlands help

 prevent eutrophication (and excess algae); they are vital to us.  How would you like it if your

home was covered in so much green gook that you couldn’t even see the sunshine through your

windows?  I don’t think anyone would let their home reach this point, but yet the bay is in this

very situation in many areas, and no one is taking action.  With all of our solutions in place, our

 progeny could live in a healthy happy home for generations to come!

 

These solutions are NOT expensive. Riparian buffers simply require effort. Already existing

plants can be cultivated or shrubs and trees (approximately $20/plant) can be purchased and

planted.  Our other solutions, such as changing the fishing and crabbing laws, are completely

free.  If implemented, our solutions will actually benefit the economy.  Fishers and crabbers

will thrive on our booming populations and tourism to the Bay will increase

(http://www.riparianbuffers.umd.edu/PDFs/FS774.pdf).

 

 

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  From:    Conkreat Jungul Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                              3/21/2007

                                                                                                                              6:11:00 AM

         You have excellent ideas on ways to solve the problems of the bay and you also make

         some very valid points.  I’m only curious as to how you are going to work on passing

         these laws and how you will get the money for these improvement plans.  You state that

         they aren’t very expensive, but the money to buy them has to come from somewhere.

 

         Response from  Team Happy Fish! North Harford H.S. / OLeary

                                                                                                                                  3/22/2007

                                                                                                                               11:48:00 AM

                You have an excellent point. Us, being the fish, have no control over how the humans raise

                 money to help the bay. Some ideas we have come up with include: applying for grants,

                getting sponsors, bake sales and other various fundraising activities.

 

  From:    Chesapeake Industrial Corporation Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School /

                                                                                                                              3/21/2007

                                                                                                                             6:22:00 AM

         How do wetlands help prevent eutrophication (and excess algae)?  How is excess algae

         vital to your habitat?

 

         Response from  Team Happy Fish! North Harford H.S. / OLeary

                                                                                                                                  3/22/2007

                                                                                                                               11:44:00 AM

                Anything in excess is not vital! Excess implies that there is tooooooooo much. Not that

                algae is vital in the first place. The wetlands are whats important. As water enters the

                wetlands before it reaches it's final destination, it filters out the nutrients. The wetlands are

                 filled with plants that love those nutrients. MMM! Nutrients! When this water leaves the

                wetland and enters the body of water the nutrients are at a minimum which would lead to a

                minimum of algae.

               

                Love, Team Happy Fish

 

 

Other

Treadwell Fan 4 Broadway H.S. / Rissler

Eccentric Woman                                                                                                  3/20/2007

                                                                                                                           12:43:00 PM

I live in a forest near the Chesapeake Bay.  I have lived here peacefully for several years.  I

own 800 acres total; 100 acres has streams, 300 acres is mountainous, and 400 acres is rolling

hills, valleys and the home of animals.  Through the years that I have lived here, many animals

have found shelter in my forest.  I do not appreciate people invading my territory and building

on my land.  Also, because of the new developments, the Chesapeake Bay has become polluted

with waste of different sorts.  This is a growing problem in and around the Chesapeake Bay and

 people need to be more respectful of my habitat.  I have found over the years that living

freely in the environment not only is relaxing and peaceful, but good for the environment.  It

eliminates the need of buildings and other luxuries of life.  People need to realize the lives that

 they lead are full of unnecessary items.  When these are eliminated, people are able to be

closer to nature and live more freely. 

 

 

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  From:    T.A.L.K About the Bay Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                              3/21/2007

                                                                                                                             6:52:00 AM

         I agree that when all the excess luxuries of life are eliminated, that people can more

         clearly see the importance of nature and the environment around them. Many new

         developments have lead to greater pollution of the bay, as you stated, and something does

          need to be done. As a woman who lives in the forest, you have a right to be concerned,

         but you have not offered any solutions. Eliminating development in natural land would be

          a difficult, yet rewarding task. What ideas can you present to developers as an

         alternative way to do their job, with out disturbing animal’s natural habitat and

         contributing to the pollution of the bay? Also, what can you personally do to better the

         environment and persuade people to make a change?

  From:    Blankenship Development Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                              3/21/2007

                                                                                                                             7:02:00 AM

         Who is invading your territory and building on your land? The necessities of life are

         food, water, and shelter. This means that shelter is not a “luxury of life”. Also, how do

         you plan to tell people that their lives are full of unnecessary items? The population is

         increasing like never before, and people need to live somewhere. If find that you are

         too quick to criticize other stakeholders who are just doing their job, and too hesitant to

         say what you could improve, and give suggestions to others. Maybe you should think

         about the impact that your lifestyle is having upon the Bay.

 

  From:    Slacking Seniors 1 Broadway H.S. / Rissler

                                                                                                                              3/22/2007

                                                                                                                            12:37:00 PM

         Wow, ok you did a really good job of painting a beautiful scenic picture of nature in our

          minds, but what exactly do you propose we do about the people who are destroying your

         habitat? If you just want to keep living in your peaceful forest, Big Foot, I suggest you

         stand up for yourself and all your little woodland friends, by making a clear statement

         about what compromises you are willing to make and where you draw the line.

 

 

Other

 

The Bubbling Biologist Broadway H.S. / Rissler

Biologist                                                                                                                3/20/2007

                                                                                                                           12:48:00 PM

 For over four hundred years, the land mass known as the “New World” and now North America

has been a land full of opportunity and natural wonders. Snowy Canada, Niagara Falls, the

Great Plains, the wonders of the ‘wild’ west, and of course, the Chesapeake Bay have been

havens to people and wild life of all types. For thousands of years the Indians of North

America in present day Virginia utilized the Bay for transportation and food, while most

importantly, keeping the bay pristine. However, the new settlers of Jamestown brought with

them the same doom they gave to the Natives that society would eventually bring to the

Chesapeake.

Since the industrial revolution one of these natural wonders of North America has been

practically crippled. Once a playground of wild life and vegetation and clean, clear water, the

Chesapeake is now a dark and dismal place that has fallen victim to pollution and misuse of the

natural resources that the Bay holds within its boundaries. As a Biologist working as a lone

ranger, I want to fix this problem. There is no easy and quick fix to the devastation mankind

has caused to the Bay; one man or a team of people working in tandem will not just magically

repair four hundred years of abuse. The repair of the Bay will take quite a long time; there

should be no timetables or economic restraints put on the project. Obviously there will be some

due to the basic nature and operation of the world and the economic system.

Again, I reiterate that this will not be an easy and quick fix. Great amounts of persistence,

patience, hard work, and most importantly care will need to be taken by the people in order to

accomplish anything beneficiary to the Bay. I propose several actions to be taken gradually,

step-by-step, and dollar-by-dollar to save the Bay. First I propose that environmentalists and

scientists together work as a team to appeal to the large corporations of the US and the World

in order to have a steady and secure monetary line along with the cooperation of those

companies that would be willing to donate other resources to the project, as well as be open to

change. The scientific community needs to band together to make these appeals and also

because there is strength in numbers and the Chesapeake Bay will only be saved through

numbers. Through big business other bridges can be made. Sponsors of the project could also

provide facilities to provide research with the goals of finding the best and most economical

way to clean the water. This can be done several ways: mandatory buffer zones for at least

500 yards on each side for every mile along the streams and tributaries that flow into the Bay.

 

Other ways to stop the pollution, which has been the back breaker to the Chesapeake Bay, is

through educational forums. Do people really know what their trash and litter does to the

water? Companies like Waste Management Corp. are working their hardest day in and day out

to clean up the trash left behind by the people of the world. These people do the best they can

and they see the actual amount of trash that is disposed of everyday and how much flows into

the tributaries affecting the Bay. Do people know how just one teaspoon of oil can contaminate

 an entire ship’s supple of fresh water? Imagine how much oil flows into the water off of

parking lots and roads from vehicles and then look at how much water that affects. By offering

 free forums, not necessarily lectures, but information sessions that are sponsored by the EPA

and other environmental agencies, people could actually see and experience the damage done to

 the Bay and how badly the condition of the entire ecosystem is. The more people know about

the problem, the more likely they are to act to change the conditions.

Next, I appeal to the industry of the region and world. Vehicles, industrial trash, air pollution,

etc. have brought the Bay to its knees. I propose new standards be set by the government for

vehicle and industrial emissions to prevent more pollution from entering the water supply.  The

world’s oil supply is running low; the refinery of crude oil is at the highest it will ever be. From

here on out the fossil fuel industry will be on the decline leaving companies like Exxon and

other major gas lines out to dry. For this reason, Shell/Pennzoil Co. has already begun to

research and develop the bio-fuel that will carry the world into the future. Because of this,

there is no reason why companies like Shell/Pennzoil would not become “partners in saving.”

However, the majority of vehicles still run on gasoline provided by the same companies. With

the alliance of companies like Shell/Pennzoil with the scientific community, an appeal to the

vehicle industry could be made for cleaner vehicles by a set date in the near future that all

vehicles be “bio-fuel” capable and the fuel be made more readily available.

Obviously, all of these proposed procedures will touch a few nerves and possibly

inconvenience the people already settled within the region of the Bay. I make an appeal to them

 to help as well. A little inconvenience for a short amount of time exchanged for a beautiful

and healthy Chesapeake Bay should be well worth it. I ask you work with us in helping to save

the bay; the more people involved, the faster the bay gets cleaned up. Set aside differences of

interest and bond together as a whole society working together for a common good. The

Chesapeake Bay, the crown jewel of the Atlantic coastline, is in itself an endangered species.

Let us bond together with the help of business, the government, industry, and through the good

of our hearts to save the Chesapeake Bay for children generations to come to enjoy.

 

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  From:    Conkreat Jungul Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                              3/21/2007

                                                                                                                             6:42:00 AM

         Your paper is great, but how do you expect Scientist and Environmentalist to work

         together.  We would hope that they would work because they have a common goal, but

         many have their own goals that might differ from one another’s.  I’ve seen Scientists

         say they were going to do one thing, but in the end he had another plan that did not agree

          with the communities’ goal.  I would be wary of scientists that don’t have the common

         goal. 

 

 

Other

Team Awesome Broadway H.S. / Rissler

Industries Affected                                                                                              3/20/2007

                                                                                                                              1:01:00 PM

  Many laws and regulations have been placed on many different industries resulting in loss of

business and income. As citizens of the Chesapeake Bay area we understand the need for these

 regulations but we feel that they should be negotiable to meet the needs of growing industries

as well as the consumers.

  The Department of Forestry developed a Best Management Practice guide for forestry

operations called Virginia’s Forestry Best Management Practices for Water Quality. These

methods are used to provide a low-cost method of protecting water quality during a sivicultural

operation. Sivicultural activities that abide by the forestry BMP guidance are exempt from the

 Regulations, due to the fact that they do not represent a permanent change of the landscape, as

 compared to traditional commercial, industrial, or residential development. Traditional

development activities have resulted in the clearing of forests and farmlands and replacing

them with large areas of impervious surfaces such as roads and buildings. These greatly reduce

 the capability of the land to provide for removal of pollutants, sediments, and nutrients from

storm water flow.

  As a forester, I would be willing to follow the laws of the regulations and not clear away any

forest near or around any streams or rivers with a one acre radius. With this, residue,

sediment, and pollutants would have a less likely chance of running off in streams and rivers

that go into the Chesapeake Bay.  Every tree that is removed would be replaced and given

adequate time to grow and develop.

  Chesapeake conservation laws place a harsh strain on contractors and other building

industries. Because of the restrictions and regulations builders must spend more money in

constructing homes and businesses increasing housing costs. Building regulations have caused

fewer building permits to be issued limiting the use and raising the price of land. Restrictions

placed on builders cause the cost of building the homes to rise, a fewer number of people can

afford the purchase or be able to build new homes or buildings, lowering the amount of

business contractors receive.

  As a contractor I am willing to abide by the regulations and restrictions, as long as the

government provides aide to my business to lower the cost that they place upon my business. I

would prefer that the government would provide at least 65 percent of the cost that the

regulations would require contractors to spend. I would also place new restrictions on myself to

 further protect the Chesapeake Bay if the government would allow new tax cuts for

contracting businesses that have enforced additional restrictions upon themselves.

  Over the past several years my profession has been having difficult times due to the new

regulations on oyster fishing. New limits on oyster season have been put in place shortening

the time I have to harvest oysters. They shortened the season due to the lowering population of

oysters because of the amount of pollution. Also, they do not want the remaining population to

be fished out. This new limit has made it very difficult to make money from oyster fishing. In

addition to the shorter season, the area in which fishers can harvest oysters has been limited.

They have set up special areas to build populations and do not want people fishing these areas.

The limited space has crowded areas with oyster fishers. If this continues I may have to


 

change profession because I cannot profit enough from the lack of oyster fishing I can do.

  As a fisherman of blue crabs I am being affected by pollution that is entering the Chesapeake

 Bay. This pollution, such as agricultural runoff, is destroying the sea grass that blue crabs

inhabit as juveniles, and periods when they are shedding their old shells. The pollution reduces

sunlight that the sea grass needs to grow. If the sea grass is not able to grow then the baby blue

 crabs becomes susceptible to predators such as striped bass and larger blue crabs.

  Over harvesting has also become a problem in the bay. When the crabs are over harvested

many more females are being caught which reduces the amount of eggs laid. As a fisherman I

am willing to reduce the amount of crabs that I am harvesting and will harvest in different

areas of the Bay so that a significant amount of crabs will be left in each area to continue

reproduction.

  The over-fishing of bluefish has become a major problem in the Chesapeake Bay. Each year

there is a decrease in the bluefish population, which has led to a reduction in the time period

that bluefish may be harvested. Due to decreased harvest time there have been harsher

restrictions placed on the size of fish that may be caught.

  As a fisherman I have recently purchased a larger boat to carry fishermen out on during the

season. Because of the shortened fishing season we are bringing in less and less money from

the fishermen using our boat. Currently, we are not bringing in enough revenue to pay off the

loans we took out on the boat. The lack of bluefish is causing a lot of stress towards us, as well

as other fishermen in the area.

  As county administrator, I am in charge of two main county policies. First, I determine zoning

 policies for residential housing development as well as farming regulations. Secondly, I

regulate building codes for contractors and developers.

  As far as zoning policies are concerned, any person wishing to build a house in my county

must first acquire at least 15 acres of land (either inherited or bought) on which to build. This

acreage will maintain a rural setting in keep pollution to a minimum.

  In dealing with building codes, any contractor, during construction, must always have at least

one sediment pond on the construction site. These sediment ponds allow runoff from the

construction sites to collect in a pool of water and stay there-keeping that runoff from

reaching the watershed streams. I would also like to enforce mandatory nutrient management

plans and waste management plans. These nutrient management plans determine proper amounts

for people (i.e. farmers, golf courses, landowners, etc.) using substances such as fertilizers.

When users of such substances overuse these products, huge amounts can runoff into

watershed streams. The waste management plans will help protect watershed streams from

unnecessary runoff. These plans determine proper buffers and barriers (such as tall grass and

trees) to help keep waste and other runoff materials from reaching watershed streams.

  The problem is that many of these plans are not mandatory for contractors or farmers, when

they should be.

  As the citizens of the Chesapeake watershed, we understand the need to place regulations and

restrictions of business and industries that could potentially harm the Chesapeake Bay. We also


 

 know that these regulations will place a burden on these industries. By placing too strict of

restraints on business it will in turn hurt the consumers as well as the industries. We must find

a compromise that will save the Chesapeake as well as affected business and industries.

 

 

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Thoughtful Questions

 

  From:    Conkreat Jungul Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                              3/21/2007

                                                                                                                             6:32:00 AM

         You seem to jump around A LOT in your paper by trying to cover EVERY industry

         connected to Bay health. There are separate stakeholder groups for watermen and

         developers, so you don't actually need to cover them in your own paper. It would make

         for a stronger paper if you would focus on a single industry and find information that

         pertains to that specific group.

 

         Response from  Team Awesome Broadway H.S. / Rissler

                                                                                                                                  3/22/2007

                                                                                                                               12:02:00 PM

                In response to your criticism, our group was formed in a Chemistry 2 Honors class were we

                were instructed to take the point of view of multiple industries that are affected by the

                pollution of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed.  Since we covered multiple industries we

            chose to place our point of view paper in the "Other" category.

 

  From:    Fishing and Boating Industries (F.B.I.) Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs

                                                                                                                              3/21/2007

                                                                                                                             7:09:00 AM

         How can you "protect and restore the bay to the peak of its health before giving

         consideration to outside problems and issues," because many of the 'outside problems'

         are causes for the pollution of the bay?

 

 

Other

 

Slacking Seniors 1 Broadway H.S. / Rissler

Lumber Company

03/20/2007

09:19 PM

Lumberjacks United It seems lately all these tree-hugging hippies are trying to put my company out of business. I’m here to stand up for what’s right, and that’s cutting down trees. Calm down all you critics, my company and I plan to replace all the lumber we cut with fresh baby trees. If you take a step back, we’re just simple people trying to run a business. Let’s take a look at us lumberjacks, we’re manly, we have beards, we wear plaid, and we’re here to stay, unless those smelly hippies have anything to say about it. Our job is very important and isn’t something that can simply be stopped. Without manly woodsmen, like myself, how would we construct houses to prepare for our growing community? We couldn’t, that’s how. Our cities would be over populated and people would just start killing themselves. What about education? You want our future to be bright right? Well what happens when Molly Lou goes to write down her homework assignment and finds out all of the lumber shops have been shut down? She will have no paper to write on and will probably forget to do her homework, thus doing poorly in school. Well I hope I have made clear to you, the absolute necessity of lumberjacks. So go ahead, shut us down. You will only succeed in creating mass frustration in cities (followed by death), and turning our future children into morons. Thank you for your time and patients. Long live the lumberjacks!

 

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  From:    Happy Campers North Harford H.S. / OLeary

                                                                                                                              3/22/2007

                                                                                                                            11:35:00 AM

         First off, who is Molly Lou? Second, I think you're giving yourselves too much credit,

         people aren't going to kill themselves over lack of houses and paper (We've survived

         without it before lumberjacks) You can make homemade paper-from hemp which will

         replenish the soil :) Finally, although you plan to plant baby trees as a replacement for

         the trees you cut down, it takes many many years for the tree to grow to be the size of

         the tree that was cut down. What are we going to do in all those tree-lacking years

            waiting for it to grow?

 

  From:    Tipper Bob Moorefield H.S. / Gillies

                                                                                                                              3/23/2007

                                                                                                                              7:31:00 AM

         Cutting down trees is not absolutely needed to survive. We would just have to work our

         brains to find other things to build our houses out of. You say that for every tree you cut

          down you plant a new one in it's place but do you know how long it will take that tree to

         grow and be as big as the one you just cut down? Hundreds of years. As far as needing

         paper our technology is so advanced we can just use computers or white boards. So

         Molly Lou will be able to write down her assignment and do her homework thus she will

         not be a moron.

 

  From  T.A.L.K About the Bay Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                               3/26/2007

                                                                                                                              6:23:00 AM

First of all, we “tree hugging hippies” are not smelly tree hugging hippies and are not trying

 to put you out of business. We know that lumber companies are needed for there to be

wood for houses and other buildings as well as for paper. By cutting down a whole section

 of trees, even if you plant saplings in their place, it will hurt the environment. The saplings

 will not be able to filter pollutants and other harmful chemicals as well as the more mature

trees were able to and because trees grow slowly, those saplings will not be able to filter

the ground as well as the trees you cut down for a very long time. We propose that you use

selective cutting to allow some more mature trees to help filter the soil, but still plant a

sapling for every tree you cut down. This will allow you to stay in business, but will also

help your company be environmentally friendly. 

 

 

Other

 

Chesapeake bay Power rangers Jefferson H.S. / Gipson

enviromentalists/Nurse                                                                                          3/21/2007

                                                                                                                            8:00:00 AM

Enviromentalists are trying to ensure peoples health now and for the future, by finding new

and alternate ways to rid of waste that goes into the Chesapeake bay.Such as trying to reduce

the amount of pesticides farmers are using. The pesticides run into the Chesapeake Bay are not

 only effecting the enviroment in the bay, but all the things outside of the Bay as well. Ducks

and other animals eat the fish in the water, and all the bad chemicals that the fish had in it will

go to the duck. Which eventually effects the entire food chain. It does not just affect the

U.S.A but all the other countries that touch the Atlantic ocean.

 

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  From:    Enigmatic Enviromentalists Broadway H.S. / Rissler

                                                                                                                              3/22/2007

                                                                                                                             11:19:00 AM

         So um okay almost everybody here understands how the food chain is affected but  

         what are proposing to do to change it? furthermore we aren't just talking about food

         we're talking about lifes,communties, even entire populations of creatures being wiped

         out. so could you expand a little?


 

  From:    Happy Campers North Harford H.S. / OLeary

                                                                                                                              3/22/2007

                                                                                                                            11:39:00 AM

         It is a good observation that pesticides are bad for the environment, however, there is a

         lack of solution in your POV. Do you have any ideas on how to reduce pesticides in the

         Bay? Have you ever considered intergrated pest management as a solution?

 

  From:    Conkreat Jungul Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                              3/26/2007

                                                                                                                             6:33:00 AM

         You have a strong grasp on the concept that pollution is bad for the environment, and you

          make a good point in mentioning the global water system and how pollution in the Bay

         affects so much more. However, you don't propose any conkreat (pun intended) solutions

          to the problem.

 

 

Other

 

Military Biologists Aberdeen H.S. / McDonough

Military impact on the Bay                                                                                     3/22/2007

                                                                                                                           11:45:00 AM

  Hello I am the owner of Aberdeen Proving Ground in Harford County.I also have a co-owner.

We own one of the largest waterfronts in Harford County. We tried our best to keep the bay

clean. We have various program on doing so. One of them is the Environmental Restoration

Program. This program was design to protect human health and local wildlife. This program also

includes the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act

(CERCLA) which was passed by Congress on Dec. 11, 1980. The law created a tax on the

chemical and petroleum industries. This law mainly was passed to help our species population.

We also have a Natural Resources Program. This program insures that we have rich and natural

 habitats for the species that live here. The Cultural Resources Program Keeps a tab on all the

prehistoric and historic heritages of the species here.

 We have a notable amount of land dedicated to the agricultural functions(approx. 5000 acres)

 such as water retention and maintance of water quality. But if this were to be negated by

avoidable neglegance such as litter, unproper, disposal of lab materials etc, plant reproduction

would see a cecline due o nutrient loss, and water would be less managable such, that APG was

no longer a stable working environment.  Avoidance would be most crucial in this case because

recovery from damage would cost APG's emplyees and residence an inordinant portion of their

livelyhood.

 

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  From:    Blankenship Development Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                              3/27/2007

                                                                                                                             7:55:00 AM

         You say that you have “various programs to help keep the bay clean”. Obviously you

         cannot do this by yourself. Do you have any plans to get the community involved or

         spread public knowledge of the Bay’s problems? You mention a few problems such as

         litter and improper disposal of lab materials, but do not give any solutions to help

         prevent these problems from occurring in the first place. You also said that cleanup

         would cost your facility much money, what is stopping you from spending a small amount

         of money to prevent?

 

 

Other

 

James Woods Tree Huggers James Wood H.S. / Fordyce

environmentalists                                                                                                   3/26/2007

                                                                                                                            8:20:00 AM

We are important to the watershed because we are the ones keeping the critters alive. By

keeping them alive we are keeping the humans healthy. We filter the water and keep it clean.

We help prevent global warming. The pollution is killing off our trees and killing our algae and

water plants. By our plants dying more and more animals and important bacteria and stream

cleaners. The decisions that we make will help improve the surroundings and the water quality.

The Chesapeake Bay is home to more than 3,000 species of plants and animals. Watching the

changes to the Bay's waterways are very important, and the information that is collected can

help the scientist make decisions about the water quality.  It will improve living conditions and

allow plants, animals, and also humans live more comfortably. To survive, the Chesapeake Bay

and its rivers have to endure an array of dangerous assaults from the air, water, and land.

Nutrient pollution is the worst problem. This is caused by an overflow of nutrients, nitrogen,

and phosphorus.   Some of the solutions that we could come up with would be having the

factories and dump areas away from the water front. Do not allow people to dump trash and

waste into the waters. Keep buffers along the water front to keep trash and loose articles away

 form the water. Filter the water as much as possible. We understand that the factories that

exist there already will not be able to move but we could have them by more environmental

efficient products and have them transport waste to holding tanks and dispose of them

properly. We are willing to take that risk at the cost of improving the living conditions and

quality of the water.

 

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  From:    Blankenship Development Massanutten Reg. Gvnrs. School / Newcomer

                                                                                                                              3/27/2007

                                                                                                                             7:48:00 AM

         Are you going to finance the moving of the dump sites and harmful polluting factories?

         Wouldn't the money be better spent in trying to find ways to reuse/recycle the trash as

         opposed to simply moving it from one giant pile to another? As for the factories, how do

         you plan to enforce the “proper removal of trash”?

 

 

Other

 

Fat Pat the Pirate Hampshire H.S. / Moore

Potomac Teen Enviornmentalists                                                                             3/26/2007

                                                                                                                           11:06:00 AM

 I agree with the statements previded by Blankship Develpoments stating that we need to use

less acreage, power, and water. Water conservation is very important to our ecosystem

because the less water we use the less contaminated water will go back into the bay. People

should start to consider building houses and other business vertically insted of horizontially to

save land usage. Thinking about the amount of power used each day that may be saved if you

just turned of the lights when you were done using them, or using envoirnmentaly friendly

appliances. That goes for all house hold appliances. Every person may make a difference so get

 out there and start today.

 

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